Recueil de dessins et aquarelles originaux
6 drawings or watercolours in folio format, under blue harmonized borders, gathered in a red half-morocco case signed by Devauchelle.
-Project of carriage chair in three quarter view.
Watercolour, quill and black ink.
245 x 320 mm.
Signed at the bottom in pen and ink « J.D. Dugourc. Inv. Del. Paris », towards 1790.
Carriage chair with oval backrest decorated with a lioness on a background made of flowers. The armrests are covered with a palmette pattern, like the cushion.
-Project of armchair facing and in profile.Quill and black ink on tracing paper pasted on the medium into two pieces.
197 x 330 mm.
Title « Fauteuil et chaise pour salle à manger », towards 1790.
The chair decorated with a lioness matches the armchair and uses the same patterns.
-Project of chimney bronze with griffins.
Title « Idées de Bronzes ».
190 x 255 mm.
The bronze is decorated with two medaled griffins, separated with a fire altar.
On the altar are the initials of the first names of the Comte de Provence, to whom the bronzes were meant to be.
-Project of a five-branch girandole.
Quill and black ink on tracing paper pasted on the medium. Title « 24, girandolle ».
225 x 145 mm.Five-branch girandole carried by two grotesques, of which body ended in volutes is set on a base with sabre legs. These figures are linked between them with crystal drops.
-Project of duchesse bed.
Quill and black ink, enhanced with brown wash drawing and white gouache on pasted paper on the medium.
Title « Lit à la duchesse ».
510 x 308 mm.
Top decorated with plumes and small cupids.
-Project of throne.
Quill, black ink and grey wash drawing.
An eagle, with opened wings is at the top of the crown, a laurel branch in the beak and the feet on a thunder.
Two curtain folds held by falling trophies on each side of the throne with short sabre legs; two herons drinking in a cup decorate the back of the throne.
Collection of drawings and watercolours of furniture and ornament projects made by Jean-Démosthène Dugourc, one of the creators of neo-classicism.
A fascinating document published by Mr. Anatole de Montaiglon in « Nouvelles Archives de l’Art français » (1877, p. 367 à 371) reveals to us the biography of this famous ornamentalist adulated by the great and powerful people under Louis XVI.
Founder of neo-classicism through his constant references to Antiquity, Dugourc was about to breathe innovative ideas into decorators, extend his field of investigation to very various areas by making suggestions to bronze makers (his project of chimney bronzes) as well as suggesting models to cabinetmakers (his projects of chairs, armchairs, bed, throne...) and by creating himself patterns of pure decoration.
His project of armchair illustrates Dugourc’s genius that intimately combined antique references in the lines or patterns, to very new subjects with leaf or animal themes inspired from nature.
A collection testifying of the creative imagination of the artist, talented inventor of neo-classicism and whose influence in decorative art would be of the utmost importance on the eve of the French revolution.