Editio princeps of Aristophanes’ Comedies.
HC 1656; BMC, V, 559; GW 2333; Goff A 958; Essling 1163; Renouard, Alde, 16; Brunet, I, 451; Picot, Catalogue Rothschild, n°1061.
“First edition, fine and rare.” (Brunet)
In this first edition, Aldus Manutius presents to the educated audience of the Italian Renaissance 9 of the 11 complete comedies of Aristophanes of which manuscripts reached us: Ploutos, les Nuées, les Grenouilles, les Cavaliers, les Acharniens, les Guêpes, les Oiseaux, la Paix and l’Assemblée des femmes.
Aldus had the intention to include in this editio princeps a tenth play, Lysistrata, but he did not manage to find a manuscript containing the full text of this comedy.
In his Latin letter of dedication to Daniele Clario, a Greek and Latin professor in Ragusa, Aldus emphasizes the impossibility to trust altered texts in their Latin versions by Aristotle, Galen and Euclid. He adds that it is time to turn to the great Greek literature and the Comedies by Aristophanes are sent to Clario as the best guide in order to immerse oneself in the purity of the ancient language. Aldus also remembers the answer of Theodore Gaza to whom was asked which Greek author was to advise to readers desirous to learn the great Greek language: “only Aristophanes”.
This editio princeps was realized by Aldus under the supervision of Marc Musurus (1470-1517), one of the Greek scholars who contributed to spread the taste for letters in Europe and who was appointed by the Senate of Venice to practice a kind of literary inspection of the works that the Aldus were printing.
As a disciple of Jean Lascaris, Musurus was indeed part of the academy that gathered in Aldus Manutius’ workshop and he was giving his agreement on the contain of Greek manuscripts from the Ancient history.
The edition was published with very copious comments by Marc Mursus which enhance its interest.
Aristophanes is the only poet from the ancient comedy whose complete plays have reached us. Since the ancient times, the excellence and the subtlety of his mind and style were already praised by Plato who thought that the Graces had found a shrine in his soul.
“The summit of Aristophanes career was marked by the enthusiasm that aroused his ‘Frogs’ in 405. In this committed and political play, Aristophanes brightly deals with the question of tragedy by confronting Euripides the modern poet with Aeschylus, the poet from the old and glorious Athens. Dionysus was consulted and acknowledged Aeschylus’ superiority”.
Modern critics agree to emphasize the extraordinary modernity of those lively comedies in which Aristophanes emerges as an incomparable painter of the manners of the Athenian society.
“A vigorous political poet, comparable to Dante, Aristophanes is also the archetypal poet of the joy of living, of an overflowing sensuality, an ancient Rabelais”. A. Lokinovich.
A superb wide-margined copy, very fresh, of this precious editio princeps of the works of the great comic poet from the ancient times, preserved in its attractive binding in limp vellum.